What Role Does Parenting Play in Child Development
Article by Therapy4help, Administrator
Parenting plays a magnificent role in the development of the child and hence assumes a very cardinal role in the proper growing-up of the child. Much research has been done in the field of developmental psychology to study the various effects of different styles of parenting on the overall development of the child. Their main focus was on to find out the cause-and-effect relationship between behavior of the child and certain actions of the parents…though it is quite difficult to narrow down the same. But, the developmental psychologists were successful to unravel links that are quite convincing between the parenting styles and their impact on the overall development of the child.
As a matter of fact, there are four different parenting styles under which the parents could identify their style of parenting with their respective children. They are the authoritarian parenting, authoritative parenting, permissive parenting and uninvolved parenting. Let us have a look into what these mean…
Authoritarian Parenting: As the name suggests authoritarian parenting is very strict and rigid form of parenting for the children are expected to abide by the rules set by the parents. Any case of failure to abide by them would result in punishment and the parents do not have a substantial reasoning or explanation behind the rules. Parents do have unrealistic hopes and ambitions for the children but are in no way understanding and responsive toward their wards.
Authoritative Parenting: When compared to the above parenting style, this style of parenting is democratic in the sense that they are responsive to the demands of their children and have the patience to listen to what they have to say. The rules are set but in case the child fails to meet or deliver the set goals, the parents adopt a more forgiving and nurturing path rather than sticking to punishment alone like the authoritarian parenting. The children can look up to their parents for support rather than withdraw into a shell fearing punishment. Parents strive to make their child cooperative, self-regulated and also socially responsible.
Permissive Parenting: These parents are absolutely hassle-free as they do not have any demands from their children. Their disciplinary methods are absolutely relaxed and are extremely responsive to their children. They are highly communicative and lenient with their children relating more as friends with them.
Uninvolved Parenting: In this style of parenting there is very little communication between the parents and the children, no responsiveness and no demands that are put forth by the parents. Things go in a routine monotonous manner without any exchange of love and affection.
Basing on the parenting style that the child has experienced he either develops in a socially competent person who has a high self-esteem or a less competent person with low self-esteem. If we come to think of why parenting styles differ, we might pin point the cause to culture to which the parents belong, their personality, the size of the family they belong to, their parental and developmental background, educational levels, socio-economic status and other aspects too. In certain cases there might a balance or mix of two different parenting styles for the mother might not be authoritarian like the father and vice versa.
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