Kidney Transplant in General
Article by Organ Transplants
Having a kidney transplant is often the last effort to save the life of a person whose kidneys have failed and no longer process toxins in the body. Statistics show that a total of about 9000 kidney take place each year. The other amazing thing is that there are over 56,000 people awaiting a transplant at one time which is higher than heart transplant rates. This increases the importance of kidney changing all over the world. The other important thing is the availability of kidneys which is possible to fix to the patients.
The first successful kidney was performed in the year 1954 at Boston. They had done transplants between identical twins that have no problem of rejection. The biggest problem was the tissue typing – to find a good match with the recipient. Therefore, it is a must to check the matching of blood group and also the kidney matching which is very much important while changing damaged kidney and placing a new kidney from other person. Not matching kidneys will be rejected by the body and will cause major issues to the acceptor.
Living donors are carefully evaluated to ensure they are medically and psychologically capable of donating a kidney to a kidney transplant. Transplant from a living donor is used to process open and transparent, but now more and more is laparoscopic surgery, which is easier to tolerate. Kidneys from living donors have a higher success rate than do the kidneys from deceased donors. transplantation from deceased donors may come from those whose hearts are still beating, but brain is dead, as well as heart beating donors. Kidneys can survive on the ice for several hours before transplantation, so is it possible to take the kidney of a person even after hours of his death. The kidneys are then stored in a cold solution before donation. The best of organs for renal transplantation is from brain dead donors.
Doctors judge support for a kidney by assessing the ABO blood group of donor and recipient as well as HLA. Although many of these parties, the risk of transplant rejection and dialysis is much smaller. Furthermore, immunosuppressants are used to maintain the immune system under control. If the transplants have HLA incompatibility then it improves the remarkable success rate. Because the kidneys can be kept cold for several hours, transplantation is usually performed in a different place from where it was removed. In addition, the kidney is placed in a location different from where a normal kidney would be. The most common place for a transplant is the iliac fossa in the lower abdomen. The blood must come from somewhere other than the renal artery.
If the recipient of transplant was a diabetic, the pancreas transplant is sometimes at the same time reversing some of the diabetes. This almost always requires a deceased donor pancreas transplants, even partial, from living donors has been done. The patient may also receive a kidney transplant first, followed by a pancreas transplant at a later date.
Kidney transplant is the surgery that is the most performed and has the most widespread locations. Hospitals are competing for potential transplant recipients and the more patients they have on a list, the more chance they have to transplant kidneys. The same applies for any other organs but with a slight variation for liver and Lung transplant.