In psychology (research methods) what is the difference between induction and deduction?

Question by : In psychology (research methods) what is the difference between induction and deduction?
Ok so today i was having my A2 Psychology lesson and to be honest with you my psychology teacher is pretty crap. We got confused with the difference between deduction and deduction. We read the text book but that made us even more confused as certain parts contradict. Can anybody help me please!!!

Best answer:

Answer by JessB
I believe you are referring to inductive and deductive logical reasoning. When you use inductive reasoning you start with a minimal amount of information and gather more to reach a conclusion. Deductive is the exact opposite, you start with a lot of info, and you deduct the irrelevant info to come to your conclusion.
Hope this helped.

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2 Comments so far »

  1. psychippie said,

    Wrote on January 5, 2012 @ 11:14 pm

    Simply put: Theory–>Deduction–>Data–>Induction–>Theory(and the cycle starts over)

  2. Tony said,

    Wrote on January 5, 2012 @ 11:23 pm

    Ok here’s the answer. If you start your research with something you are looking to test eg the idea that living in the dark makes people depressed. Then this is called deduction.
    If you start your research without any idea of what the outcome might be eg how do people react to living in the dark – your research is called inductive

    Hope that helps

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